The IEEE is working on a set of standards and interoperability principles for smart grids (IEEE P2030), which focuses on three areas: power engineering, information technology and interoperability protocols.
In addition to the IEEE, the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) also plays an important role and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) coordinates the cooperation between the various sectors. Each of the 15 bodies involved in the development of the standard is responsible for a different aspect of the development of the standard.
The IEEE works primarily on standards for the interoperable access process, such as how individual energy sources are linked to the overall smart grid, access to metering devices (e.g. meters) and standards for time synchronisation. The American Society of Motor Vehicle Engineers (SAE), on the other hand, focuses on standards for motor vehicle access to the network, while the IEC is responsible for model and environmental standards for information automation.
On 18 May 2009, US Secretary of Commerce Gary Locke and Secretary of Energy Steven Chu jointly announced the first standards for smart grid construction in the US
The development of a new model must be based on the reality that it must be better used, more convenient and more efficient than in the past, based on the development of China’s own standards. This is not a new technology, it is a new term, it is a new function, it is not a new technology.
As the smart grid contains more content, each grid and equipment manufacturers should use the overall planning and step-by-step implementation strategy to gradually realise the smart grid according to the actual situation.