Electrical knowledge | The challenges and practices of power plant operation and maintenance

With rapid technological advances, power plants are playing an increasingly important role in the global energy supply. However, as operators in this critical area, we are faced with many challenges and are constantly exploring innovative ways to improve the efficiency and reliability of power plant operations. In this paper, we look at the challenges of power plant operation and maintenance and share some industry practices to inform continuous improvements in power plant operation and maintenance.

I. Challenges

1. Ageing equipment and maintenance costs

As equipment ages, the problem of ageing equipment becomes more serious. This not only affects the plant’s operational efficiency, but also increases the risk of failure. As a result, power plants need to invest significant human, material and financial resources in equipment maintenance and renewal to ensure that they operate properly.

2. Environmental pollution and emission restrictions

In response to the growing problem of environmental pollution, governments have set strict standards for pollutant emissions from power plants. Power plants need to maintain production efficiency while striving to reduce pollutant emissions in order to meet government requirements.

3. New energy competition and traditional energy market pressure

As new energy technologies continue to develop, such as solar and wind power, traditional energy power plants are facing increasing market pressures. In order to gain a foothold in the competitive market environment, power plants need to continuously improve operational efficiency, reduce costs and seek to integrate development with new energy sources.

II. Practice

1. Preventive maintenance and equipment renewal strategy In order to deal with the problem of ageing equipment, power plants need to develop preventive maintenance plans, regular inspection and maintenance of equipment. In addition, power plants also need to develop a reasonable equipment renewal strategy, timely renewal of old equipment to ensure the stability of power plant operations.

2. Pollutant management technology and clean energy applications In order to reduce pollutant emissions, power plants can use advanced pollutant management technology, such as desulphurisation, denitrification, etc., to reduce emissions concentration. In addition, power plants can also actively explore the application of clean energy, such as mixing biomass with coal, or using new energy technologies such as solar and wind power, to reduce reliance on traditional energy sources.

3. Digital and intelligent transformation In order to improve the operational efficiency of power plants, they can be digitally and intelligently transformed. By introducing advanced technologies such as the Internet of Things (IoT) technology and artificial intelligence (AI), real-time monitoring and early warning of equipment can be achieved to improve the accuracy and timeliness of fault diagnosis. In addition, intelligent optimisation algorithms can be used to optimise the production process of power plants and improve energy utilisation efficiency.

4. Talent training and team building The success of power plant operation and maintenance cannot be achieved without professional technical personnel. Power plants need to increase the training of human resources and improve the professional skills and quality of their staff. At the same time, power plants need to strengthen team building and establish efficient collaboration mechanisms to ensure the smooth operation and maintenance work.

5. Safety culture and risk management Safety is crucial in the operation and maintenance of power plants. Power plants need to establish a sound safety management system to ensure that all operations comply with safety regulations. In addition, safety training and publicity can be used to raise staff safety awareness and create a good safety culture. At the same time, power plants also need to strengthen risk management, the potential safety hazards of timely investigation and rectification, to prevent problems before they occur.


While power plants face many challenges, there are also huge opportunities for development. Through the implementation of preventive maintenance, pollutant management, digitalisation, talent development and team building, safety culture and risk management, power plants can improve their operation and maintenance in practice and contribute to the global energy supply. In the future, power plants need to keep up with technological trends and actively explore innovative models in order to achieve their sustainable development goals.

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