Substations are key components of the power grid, untangling the complexities of electricity distribution. While the grid operates as a unified system across vast regions, our diverse electricity needs demand precise control and protection. In this article, we explore the different equipment found in electrical substations and how they play a crucial role in ensuring reliable and efficient power delivery. From regulating voltage to managing load demands, substations are the backbone of our modern electricity supply. Let’s delve into the inner workings of these critical infrastructures.