On July 25, local time, the Council of the European Union adopted new rules requiring an 11.7% reduction in the EU’s final energy consumption by 2030. Member States will work together to ensure that final energy consumption in 2030 is reduced by at least 11.7% compared to the energy consumption forecasts for 2030 that were previously set (in 2020). This implies an EU final energy consumption cap of 763 million tons of oil equivalent and a primary consumption cap of 993 million tons of oil equivalent.
The final consumption limit will be collectively binding on Member States, whereas the primary energy consumption target is indicative. Final energy consumption refers to energy consumed by end-users, while primary energy consumption also includes energy used for energy production and supply.